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乘务面试英语(关于西安历史)
来源:本站原创    作者:admin    点击次数:2659次    发布时间:2016-04-30

Xi`an

Xi'an is the capital of Shaanxi province, located in the northwest of China, in the center of the Guanzhong Plain. One of the oldest cities in China, the city was known as Chang'an, meaning "Perpetual Peace", before the Ming dynasty. Xi'an is the oldest of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China (BeijingNanjingLuoyang, and Chang'an (Xi'an)), having held the position under several of the most important dynasties in Chinese history, including ZhouQinHanSui, and Tang. Xi'an is the starting point of the Silk Road and home to theTerracotta Army of Emperor Qin Shi Huang.

History

Xi'an has a rich and culturally significant history. The Lantian Man was discovered in 1963 in Lantian County, 50 km southeast of Xi'an, and dates back to at least 500,000 years before the present time. A 6,500-year-old Banpo Neolithic village was discovered in 1953 on the eastern outskirts of the city proper, which contains the remains of several well organized Neolithic settlements carbon dated to 5600--6700 years ago. The site is now home to the Xi'an Banpo Museum, built in 1957 to preserve the archaeological collection.

Geography

The city borders the northern foot of the Qin Mountains (Qinling) to the south, and the banks of the Wei River to the north. Hua Shan, one of the five sacred Taoist mountains, is located 100 km  away to the east of the city. Not far to the north is the Loess Plateau.

Transportation

Xi'an has many areas that are easily accessible on foot. In many commercial, residential, educations zones in the city, especially in the shopping and entertainment districts around the Bell Tower, underpasses and overpasses have been built for the safety and convenience of pedestrians.

Electric bikes are popular among students and offer easy transportation in and around the city for many residents. Taxi services are numerous but many citizens of Xi'an still commute to work on one of about 280 bus routes. Metros are now getting more and more popular.There are more than 2 million registered automobiles in Xi'an, so cars play a very important role in people's daily life, which also means frequent traffic jams.

Tourism

The most pleasant season for visiting Xi'an is Autumn. Because of the city's many historical monuments and a plethora of ancient ruins and tombs in the vicinity, tourism has been an important component of the local economy, and the Xi'an region is one of the most popular tourist destinations in China.

Some of the most well-known sites in Xi'an are:

The city is surrounded by a well-preserved city wall which was re-constructed in the 14th century during the early Ming dynasty and was based on the inner imperial palace of Tang dynasty.

The Mausoleum of Qin Shi Huang and his Terracotta Army are located 40 km to the east of the city center, in the city's suburbs.

The Bell Tower and Drum Tower, both are located at the city's central axis.

The city's Muslim quarter, which is home to the Great Mosque of Xi'an.

The Giant Wild Goose Pagoda and Small Wild Goose Pagoda, protecting Buddhist writings in the past, are both spectacular towers and both are well over 1,000 years old and have survived great earthquakes. The former is next to a large square with the largest fountain in Asia which projects water high into the air, rising and falling in time to music during one of the daily performances (usually at noon and soon after sunset).

The Famen Temple and its towering pagoda located 120 kilometers west of Xi'an

The Shaanxi History Museum has a large collection of artifacts both modern and ancient.

Huaqing Hot Springs, at the foot of Mt. Li, have a history of 6,000 years, the adjacent Huaqing Palace has a history of 3,000 years. Ranked among the hundred famous gardens in China, it also has the status as a National Cultural Relic Protection Unit and a National Key Scenic Area.

Daming Palace National Heritage Park, site of the former royal residence of the Tang dynasty emperors.

Foods

Muslim Quarter (回民街)    Cold Rice Noodles(凉皮)  Chinese Hamburger(肉夹馍)

Pita Bread Soaked in Lamb Soup (羊肉泡馍)    BiangBiang
Deep-fried Dough Sticks(油条)              Steamed Bun (包子)


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